Marwari or Malani horses are a rare horse from the Marwar (or Jodhpur) region of India. Known for its inward-looking ear flaps, it comes in all colors, though pinto models tend to be most popular with buyers and breeders. It is known for its toughness, and quite resembles the Kathiawari horse, another Indian breed from the Kathiawar region in southwestern Marwar. Many members look like a natural gait. Marwari horses are native to Indian indigenous horses mixed with Arabian horses, possibly with some Mongolian influence. The Rathores were the traditional rulers of the Marwar region in western India, being the first to breed Marwari. Beginning in the XII century, they advocated strict breeding promoting the thoroughness and rigidity of this breed.
Used throughout history as a cavalry horse of the people of the Marwar region, Marwari is noted for his loyalty and bravery in battle. This stallion was degraded in the 1930s, when poor management practices led to a decrease in breed quality, but today has regained popularity. Marwari horses are used for work as a light draft horse and for agricultural work, as well as riding horses and pack horses. In 1995, a Breeding Society was established for the Marwari breed in India. The export of Marwari has been banned for decades, but from 2000 to 2006, a small amount of exports was allowed. Since 2008, visas that allow temporary travel of Marwari stallions outside India have been available in small quantities.
Strong, tough and noble, these qualities are exactly what one would expect from a creature considered a national symbol. The legendary Karabakh horses are a beautiful, precious and extremely important creature for the people of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan has favorable climate and geography for horse breeding and breeding. The first presence of horses in this region dates back to 5000 BC. Horses have been the pride and dignity of Azerbaijanis for centuries.
Karabakh horse is considered as one of the ancient horse breeds in Asia and the Caucasus, it is a hybrid of the best horse breeds: Akhal-Teke, Turkoman and Arabian horses. The Karabakh horses are named after the land where they were raised, known for their dark brown chestnut coat, calm temperament, endurance and especially by the rare speed. The Aussie Karabakh Foundation, which studies Azerbaijan’s culture and heritage, said in 2004 a horse from Agdam set a world record of running 1,000 meters in 1 minute and 9 seconds. The president of the organization, Dr. Adil Baguirov, originally from Karabakh region, said that the horses were of utmost importance to the Azerbaijanis. “Azerbaijanis until a few centuries ago still preferred a semi-nomadic lifestyle especially in the Karabakh region with lush grasslands. Even at the end of the 19th century, a large part of the Azerbaijani in this region still lived in the mountains in the summer and down in the winter. ” Mr. Baguirov also explained that his ability to walk on the rugged mountainous terrain makes these horses an essential part of the lives of the people here.